Treatment of Head and Neck cancer:
Treatment depends upon the cite of origin of the tumor. For tumors of buccal mucosa and tongue surgery is the preferred option as it entails complete removal of tumor along with proper assessment of staging. In case of cancer of throat ( larynx and hypopharynx), where organ preservation takes precedence radiation is the preferred approach. Chemotherapy is given to potentiate the action of radiation.
Radiotherapy in Head and Neck cancer:
Radiotherapy is the preferred option for throat cancer as it helps in organ preservation and killing the cancer. Radiation is nothing but high energy X-rays and is given along with chemotherapy to potentiate the effect.
Surgical treatment of Head and Neck cancer:
Surgery is the preferred treatment for tongue and buccal mucosa tumors. Reconstruction of the defect is conventionally done using either free flaps or rotation flaps. Surgery offers complete removal of tumor along with proper staging.
Survival I Head and Neck cancer:
Survival depends upon the stage of the tumor for stage I disease 5- year survival is 85-90% which drops down to less than 15% in stage IV.